Recently, when I ran "yum update" for some update, which will get an error as follow:
--> Processing Dependency: libstdc++.so.6 for package: pcre-8.32-17.el7.i686 ---> Package zlib.i686 0:1.2.7-17.el7 will be installed --> Running transaction check ---> Package libcap-ng.i686 0:0.7.5-4.el7 will be installed ---> Package libstdc++.i686 0:4.8.5-16.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root cause is something else and multilib version checking is just pointing out that there is a problem. Eg.: 1. You have an upgrade for libstdc++ which is missing some dependency that another package requires. Yum is trying to solve this by installing an older version of libstdc++ of the different architecture. If you exclude the bad architecture yum will tell you what the root cause is (which package requires what). You can try redoing the upgrade with --exclude libstdc++.otherarch ... this should give you an error message showing the root cause of the problem. 2. You have multiple architectures of libstdc++ installed, but yum can only see an upgrade for one of those architectures. If you don't want/need both architectures anymore then you can remove the one with the missing update and everything will work. 3. You have duplicate versions of libstdc++ installed already. You can use "yum check" to get yum show these errors. ...you can also use --setopt=protected_multilib=false to remove this checking, however this is almost never the correct thing to do as something else is very likely to go wrong (often causing much more problems). Protected multilib versions: libstdc++-4.8.5-16.el7.i686 != libstdc++-4.8.5-11.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: libgcc-4.8.5-16.el7.i686 != libgcc-4.8.5-11.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: pcre-8.32-17.el7.i686 != pcre-8.32-15.el7_2.1.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: elfutils-libelf-0.168-8.el7.i686 != elfutils-libelf-0.166-2.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: libcap-2.22-9.el7.i686 != libcap-2.22-8.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: libdb-5.3.21-20.el7.i686 != libdb-5.3.21-19.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: libgcrypt-1.5.3-14.el7.i686 != libgcrypt-1.5.3-13.el7_3.1.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: elfutils-libs-0.168-8.el7.i686 != elfutils-libs-0.166-2.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: nss-softokn-freebl-3.28.3-8.el7_4.i686 != nss-softokn-freebl-188.8.131.52-14.4.el7.x86_64 Error: Protected multilib versions: libselinux-2.5-11.el7.i686 != libselinux-2.5-6.el7.x86_64
According to its notification, it seems like the system requires some system dependencies, which is *.i686.
Searching by this error, a lot of docs mentioned "just set protected_multilib=false in yum.conf"
But I am totally sure it is not required. I do not require *.i686, why do I have to install so much useless libs?
Checking the dependencies tree, we can find The Prime Evil:
---> Package rdma.noarch 0:7.3_4.7_rc2-6.el7_3 will be obsoleted ---> Package rdma-core.i686 0:13-7.el7 will be obsoleting --> Processing Dependency: libudev.so.1(LIBUDEV_183) for package: rdma-core-13-7.el7.i686 --> Processing Dependency: libudev.so.1 for package: rdma-core-13-7.el7.i686 --> Processing Dependency: libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.16) for package: rdma-core-13-7.el7.i686 ---> Package rdma-core.x86_64 0:13-7.el7 will be obsoleting
It seems like the architecture of rdma was changed. rdma.noarch was split to 2 packages: rdma-core.i686 and rdma-core.x86_64.
We can manually install rdma-core.x86_64 to replace the original rdma.noarch:
$ yum install rdma-core -y Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package rdma.noarch 0:7.3_4.7_rc2-6.el7_3 will be obsoleted ---> Package rdma-core.x86_64 0:13-7.el7 will be obsoleting --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================================== Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================================== Installing: rdma-core x86_64 13-7.el7 base 43 k replacing rdma.noarch 7.3_4.7_rc2-6.el7_3 Transaction Summary ================================================================================================== Install 1 Package Total download size: 43 k Downloading packages: rdma-core-13-7.el7.x86_64.rpm | 43 kB 00:00:00 Running transaction check Running transaction test ....
And then, we can do everything else.
----- Update -----
Sadly, why can't I found this note earlier...